The purpose of the Act is to create the legal framework and instruments to ensure compliance with competition policy, prevent anti-competitive practices and punish such acts. The law protects free and fair competition, which protects the freedom of trade, which, in turn, protects the interests of the consumer. The law aims to prevent monopolies and prevent unnecessary government intervention. The main objectives of the Competition Act 2002 are as follows: competition prohibitions are different from confidentiality agreements (NDAs) which generally do not prevent an employee from working for a competitor. Instead, NDSSs prevent the employee from disclosing information that the employer considers proprietary or confidential, such as. B customer lists, underlying technologies or information about products under development. For example, foreclosure pricing is a practice considered to be an abuse of a dominant position. Simply put, when a dominant company engages in AAEC shares, it is an abuse of a dominant position. The difference between the definition of anti-competitive agreements and the abuse of a dominant position is that, in the case of anti-competitive agreements, there must be two or more parties and that there may be between each undertaking or undertaking and that it does not require a dominant undertaking to be involved. In the event of an abuse of a dominant position, only one party may do so, but the party must occupy a dominant position on the relevant market. Anti-competitive practices are commercial or state practices that unlawfully prevent or reduce competition in a market.  The debate on the moralization of certain commercial practices, described as anti-competitive, continued both in economic history studies and in popular culture.
Anti-dominance laws differ between state and federal laws to ensure that companies do not resort to competition practices that are harmful to other, usually smaller, businesses or consumers. These laws are created to promote healthy competition within a free market, limiting the abuse of monopoly power. Competition allows companies to compete in order to improve products and services; promoting innovation; and provide consumers with more choice. Some business practices may promote competition, economic methodological tests and empirical cases are used to verify whether the business activity is considered anti-competitive behaviour.  Competition in a market may be limited to types other than those mentioned above. For example, there may be other types of agreements between competitors, such as pricing policies or recommendations, joint buying or selling, the establishment of technical or design standards, and an agreement for the exchange of business information. CCCS will act in cases where competition is appreciably affected, i.e. where competition is seriously affected. In the case of a pricing policy or recommendation, CCCS has found that recommended rates and pricing policies, whether mandatory or voluntary, are generally detrimental to competition and encourages all companies to set their prices independently. Antitrust authorities around the world are working to strike a balance between enforcing and maintaining the competitiveness of these markets, as the introduction of swift action risks thwarting innovation and thus harming consumers. .